The shortcomings and lack of migration data have restricted the capacity of
the Member States of the African Union (AU) to devise coherent migration policies.
In addition, the informal nature of migratory movements, the porosity of borders and the difficulty of the collection of data
on human migration from and to Africa at the continental level have made it very difficult to control migratory movements.
To this end, the Assembly of Heads of State and Government of the African Union (committed by Decision Assembly/AU/Dec.695(XXXI) to create the
African Migration Observatory
in Morocco as an AU body to address the real and pressing need for Africa to generate awareness and better understand the phenomenon of migration.
Against this context, the African Migration Observatory will be opened in Rabat, Morocco on 18 Dec 2020 and
will be headed by H.E. Ms Amira Elfadil, Commissioner for Social Affairs and Government of the Kingdom of Morocco.
The African Migration Observatory is a new AU mechanism that will help to establish transparent,
efficient and practical migration policies and programmes by means of reliable and accurate migration data.
The Observatory will also promote the implementation of the Marrakesh Global Migration Compact through data collection and
the promotion of continental and international migration cooperation and the strengthening of migration’s contribution to sustainable development.
About the African Observatory for Migration
The plan to set up the African Migration Observatory was endorsed at the 31st AU
Summit held in Nouakchott, Mauritania in July 2018 by African Heads of State and Government.
The African Migration Observatory aims to strengthen the overall structure of migration governance in Africa and to serve as an African
tool for addressing migration data vulnerabilities on the continent and to direct African countries in the implementation of evidence-based migration policies.
The key targets are:
- Providing a centralized, coherent source of migration data to the Continent for further analysis,
policy formulation and programming, and to enhance the overall governance of migration in Africa;
2. Advance the African Continent’s information
base for migration and mobility;
3. Contribute to proof-based migration
policies and initiatives in Africa;
4.Help and put together other established migration projects, namely the African Centre for Migration Studies and Research in Mali, the Continental
Operational Centre for the Fight against Irregular Migration in Khartoum, the Institute for Statistics of the African Union (STATAFRIC) based in Tunis,
national statistics offices and migration data hubs in Africa and beyond.
The goal of the Observatory will be ‘harmonizing African States’ national strategies and enhancing cooperation with partners,’ thus addressing the collection
and production of information on migration within Africa, the regulation and harmonization of policies across Africa, and the interaction with partners abroad.
It will also direct African countries to develop successful migration policies
within the framework of the AU Framework for African Migration Policy